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Surviving The Aftermath: A Comprehensive Guide to Cleaning Up After The Floods in Las Vegas

Updated: Nov 13, 2023


Pick-up truck driving through Las Vegas flood waters at night with city lights in the background

Las Vegas, known for its vibrant nightlife and bustling casinos, recently faced an unprecedented challenge - severe flooding caused by heavy rainfall. The flood waters engulfed neighborhoods, disrupted transportation, and left many residents grappling with massive property damage.


While Las Vegas is more commonly associated with being hot and dry, this unusual event reminds us that weather can be unpredictable, and even a city in the desert isn't immune to the ravages of flood damage. Restoration, clean-up, and rebuilding are now the priorities, as the city strives to get back to normalcy.


Proper cleaning and restoration in the aftermath of such calamities is crucial, both for the immediate safety of residents and the long-term health of the city's environment. These processes involve removing water and debris, disinfecting and drying all affected areas, and repairing any structural damage.


Not only does this help to prevent further damage and decay, but it also reduces the danger of mold growth and the associated health risks.


Beyond the physical restoration of properties, cleaning efforts also play a vital role in restoring people's lives, helping to bring back a sense of normalcy and reducing the emotional stress caused by such an event. The sooner we undertake these tasks, the faster Las Vegas can rebound, demonstrating its resilience in the face of adversity.


Understanding the Impact of Flooding


Risks associated with flood water

Flood water presents a myriad of risks that can be as immediate and obvious as physical injury, or as long-term and insidious as spreading disease and infection. When floodwaters rise, they can mix with hazardous substances like sewage, chemicals, and hazardous waste, making them unsanitary and unsafe.

Contact with this contaminated standing water can lead to skin rashes, eye infections, and wound infections. Gastrointestinal illnesses can occur if one accidentally ingests contaminated water or food. Moreover, the lingering moisture post-flooding creates an ideal environment for mold, which can lead to respiratory issues, particularly in individuals with allergies or asthma.


It's imperative to take precautions such as wearing appropriate protective gear like masks, gloves and boots while cleaning. Always be sure to thoroughly wash and disinfect all items that come into contact with flood water.


Long-term effects of flooding on buildings


Las Vegas flood waters with floating debris in a parking garage

Buildings exposed to floodwaters often suffer long-term impacts that may not be immediately noticeable. The prolonged saturation of building materials can lead to structural instability, making it hazardous for inhabitants.


Foundations can shift, and walls and floors can warp or crack, threatening the integrity of the building. Additionally, water can cause your electrical system to short circuit, posing a serious fire risk even after the water recedes.


Furthermore, the damp conditions promote the growth of mold and mildew in wall cavities, not only damaging the property but also posing serious health risks. It's crucial to conduct a thorough inspection and assessment of the building structure and all its components after a flood.

Prompt action can mitigate these risks, ensuring the building is safe and habitable again. It's equally important to involve professional restoration services experienced in post-flood conditions to ensure all potential hazards are identified and addressed correctly.


Immediate Steps to Take After a Flood


Ensuring safety before re-entering your home

Once the flood waters have receded and local authorities have deemed it safe, your first instinct will be to return home. However, it's essential to consider several safety measures before entering a flood-affected property.


First, ensure that the power and gas supply are switched off to avoid any potential accidents. Remember, water and electricity are a dangerous mix.

Next, arm yourself with sturdy gloves, rubber boots, and other protective gear to safeguard against injury from sharp objects or contamination in standing water.

Documenting the damage for insurance purposes.


Unfortunately, most standard home owners insurance doesn't cover flood damage. However, certain policies might provide coverage for flood-related damages. It's important to carefully review your policy and contact your insurance provider to find out what kind of post-flood assistance is available.


Handling insurance claims can be a daunting process, especially in the wake of a disaster such as flooding. Accurate documentation of damage is crucial for a smooth claims process and is often the first step toward recovery.


Start with a thorough walk-through of the property, taking note of all visible water damage. Remember to include structural damage, damage to personal items, and any damage to outside structures such as sheds or detached garages.


Photographs or videos can provide invaluable evidence, capturing details that might be missed in written descriptions. When photographing, aim for clear, well-lit images that accurately represent the extent of the water damage. Try to capture wide-angle overviews as well as close-ups of specific damages. Additionally, consider using a ruler or tape measure to illustrate the scale of the damage.


Itemize personal belongings that were damaged or lost in the flood. Describe each item's condition before the flood, its estimated value, and its current condition. If possible, support your list with receipts, warranties, or other documents that can confirm the items' value and your ownership.


Remember to inform your insurance company about the incident as soon as possible. They will guide you on the next steps, which usually involve sending an insurance adjuster to assess the damages. By being proactive and organized in documenting the damage, you will be well-prepared for this process, ultimately expediting your claim and getting you back into your house faster.


DIY Flood Cleanup: What You Can Do


Removing water and drying out your house

The first crucial step in a DIY flood cleanup is removing water and drying out your home. Begin by pumping out standing water, using a wet/dry vacuum or portable sump pump.

Once the water is removed, focus on drying out the property. Open windows and doors to increase ventilation and use fans to circulate air. Dehumidifiers can also be helpful in the drying process.


Make sure to move any wet items, like furniture or rugs, out of the property to dry, if possible. Remember, this process can take time. Patience is key to ensuring your home is thoroughly dried out before proceeding with restoration.


Moisture meters can help you determine if the moisture content of materials including drywall has reached acceptable levels. Always consider enlisting professional help if the job seems too overwhelming, as improperly dried areas can lead to long-term damage.


Cleaning and disinfecting affected areas

After the drying process, the next step is cleaning and disinfecting all affected surfaces. Floodwaters often carry harmful bacteria, viruses, and other contaminants, making thorough cleaning and disinfection of all surfaces essential.


Start by removing any dirt or debris left behind by the floodwaters. Use a broom, vacuum or mop to clean floors and walls, and a soft brush for more delicate items.

Next, focus on disinfection. Mix a solution of one cup (8oz) household bleach to one gallon of water for an effective disinfectant. Apply this solution using a spray bottle or sponge, making sure to cover all surfaces.


Pay special attention to high-touch areas like doorknobs, switches, and countertops. Remember to wear gloves and protective clothing, and ensure the area is well-ventilated when using bleach.


Consider using a mold inhibitor to prevent the growth of mold and mildew in your property. Keep in mind that some materials, like carpet and mattresses, may need to be discarded if they can't be thoroughly cleaned and dried.


Dealing with mold and mildew

Mold and mildew pose significant risks to both you and your property. They can cause allergic reactions, respiratory issues, and other physical ailments. Furthermore, they can deteriorate the structural integrity of your home.


Start by identifying areas with mold and mildew, often signaled by a musty smell or visible discoloration on walls, ceilings, or other surfaces. Small amounts of mold can be handled with a homemade solution. Mix bleach with water in a ratio of 1 cup bleach to 1 gallon of water and use a brush or sponge to apply the solution and scrub the area.


However, if the mold covers an area larger than 10 square feet, or if you find mold in your HVAC system, it's recommended you seek professional help. Professionals have the appropriate protective gear and specialized equipment to safely eradicate mold from your home.


Remember to address the cause of the mold—usually excess moisture. This may involve repairing leaks, improving ventilation, or using dehumidifiers. By proactively managing moisture in your home, you can ensure healthier air quality.


Dealing with mold and mildew should be a priority in your post-flood cleanup. Whether you handle it yourself or hire professionals, it's essential to ensure your home is mold-free and safe for habitation.


Salvaging personal items

After dealing with the aftermath of a flood, the task of salvaging personal items can be emotionally challenging, yet it's an essential part of the recovery process.


The first step in this process is sorting through your belongings to determine what can be saved and what needs to be discarded. Items such as plastic, glass and metal can often be cleaned and restored. However, porous materials like cardboard, mattresses, and upholstered furniture that have been soaked may need to be disposed of due to the risk of bacterial growth.


Keep in mind that the process of salvaging personal items can be arduous and emotional. Don't hesitate to request help from friends, family, or professional restoration services.

In the aftermath of a disaster, retaining and restoring your personal items can aid in maintaining a sense of normalcy and moving forward.


Disposing of water-damaged materials

The final step in your recovery involves the proper disposal of flood-damaged materials. Do not take this task lightly as improper disposal can lead to further environmental and health hazards.


Begin by segregating waste into different categories such as electronics, hazardous waste, construction debris, and ordinary household trash.


Local waste management authorities often have specific protocols for the disposal of such materials. Reach out to them to understand the right procedures.


Electronics, appliances, and other hazardous waste should never be mixed with ordinary household trash. They may contain harmful components and need to be disposed of at designated collection sites or recycling centers.


Construction debris like drywall, carpeting, and insulation that have water damage may also require special handling. Again, your local waste management will provide guidance here. If you have a significant amount of construction debris, consider renting a roll-off dumpster.


Proper disposal of materials that have water damage is not just about cleaning up, it's about ensuring the safety of your household and your community.


Man walking in Las Vegas flood waters

When to Call Professionals


Identifying scenarios where professional help is necessary

There are several scenarios where reaching out for professional help after a flood is not just recommended, but essential. Severe water damage, structural instability, and large-scale mold contamination are among these cases.

If your home has been partially submerged or if the floodwaters sat for an extended period, there's likely extensive damage that requires expert attention.

Structural issues, such as cracked or bulging walls, sagging ceilings, or warped floors, are another clear sign you need professional help. These problems can lead to catastrophic failures if not addressed promptly and correctly.


If you have widespread mold, especially in hard-to-reach places like inside walls or air ducts, it's best to call in the professionals. They have the training and equipment to safely remove mold and prevent its recurrence.


Remember, while some tasks in the aftermath of a flood can be completed DIY, not everything can or should be tackled alone. Knowing when to call in professionals is critical to ensuring your home is safe, clean, and comfortable again.


The benefits of hiring professional flood cleanup services

Hiring professional flood cleanup services can offer numerous advantages in tackling the aftermath of a flood. They possess the necessary expertise and state-of-the-art equipment, allowing them to conduct a thorough cleanup, dry materials, and restore your property more efficiently and effectively than a DIY approach.


Professionals are trained to spot potential problems that an untrained eye might miss, such as hidden water damage that could lead to problems in the future. This proactive approach saves you from expensive repairs down the line.


With professionals handling the cleanup, you have more time to focus on personal recovery and other important matters. The peace of mind that comes from knowing your home is being restored to a safe and livable condition by a professional is invaluable.


While hiring professionals might seem like an additional expense, the potential savings in terms of time, future repair costs, and health risks can make it a worthwhile investment.


How to choose a reliable flood cleanup service in Las Vegas

Choosing a reliable flood cleanup service in Las Vegas is crucial to ensure your home is restored safely and effectively. Start by checking the company's credentials. They should have certification from recognized institutions like the Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC) that testifies to their expertise in flood damage restoration.


Consider the company's experience. Companies with several years of operation in the field likely have the proficiency to handle a range of flood-related issues. They'll know the ins and outs, the potential problems to look out for, and the most efficient solutions.

Look for customer reviews and testimonials. These can provide real-world insights into a company's professionalism, reliability, and quality of work. Be wary of companies with consistently poor reviews or complaints.


Ask about their response time. In the aftermath of a flood, time is of the essence to prevent further damage, so a flood cleanup service that can respond quickly is highly advantageous.


Making a thoughtful choice can help ensure a hassle-free, effective cleanup and restoration of your flood-damaged home.


Car stranded in Las Vegas flood water

Key Takeaways for Dealing with Flood Damage


  1. Safety First: Make sure you have the appropriate equipment including masks, gloves and boots.

  2. Document the Damage: Take photos and videos of the damage for insurance claims.

  3. Contact Insurance: Notify your insurance company as soon as possible to initiate the claims process.

  4. Dry Out the Area: Start drying out the affected area as soon as it's safe to do so to prevent further damage and mold growth.

  5. Clean and Disinfect: Clean and disinfect all affected areas to prevent the spread of bacteria and disease.

  6. Salvage What You Can: Try to salvage personal items, but be aware that porous materials might be irretrievable.

  7. Proper Waste Disposal: Segregate waste for proper disposal, especially hazardous waste.

  8. Inspect for Structural Damage: Pay close attention to potential structural damage. If unsure, consult professionals.

  9. Seek Professional Help: When the task is beyond your ability, don't hesitate to call in professionals.

  10. Mold Prevention: Act fast to prevent mold growth. If mold appears, consider a professional mold remediation service.


If you've found this guide helpful in understanding the complexities of dealing with flood cleanup, we encourage you to share it with others. Dealing with a flood is a daunting task, and this information could be a lifeline for those struggling in the aftermath.

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